Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - What it is

In tricuspid valve regurgitation (also known as leaky heart valve), the tricuspid valve does not close properly resulting in blood leaking backwards from the right ventricle into the right atrium.Normal heart versus a heart with tricuspid valve regurgitation illustration

(Above) Illustration of a heart with normal valve versus a heart with tricuspid valve regurgitation

The tricuspid valve separates the two chambers on the right side of the heart. It allows bloods to flow from the right upper chamber (right atrium) to the right lower chamber (right ventricle) of the heart without significant backflow.

When the tricuspid valve regurgitation becomes severe, it can lead to congestion in various organs such as the liver and the kidney, and affect their function. Severe tricuspid regurgitation has been shown to be associated with significant mortality and morbidity.

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Symptoms

​Tricuspid valve regurgitation can affect the heart function and can cause symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Leg swelling

In severe and long-standing cases, it can affect the function of various organs such as the liver and the kidney.

Patients with tricuspid valve regurgitation usually remain asymptomatic (no symptoms) for a long period of time. When symptoms develop, the severity of tricuspid valve regurgitation is usually at the advanced stage.

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - How to prevent?

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Causes and Risk Factors

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Diagnosis

​Tricuspid valve regurgitation is typically diagnosed with:

  • A clinical evaluation comprising history and physical examinations
  • An ultrasound of the heart called an echocardiogram

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Treatments

Tricuspid valve regurgitation can be managed with medications for symptom relief or surgery to replace or repair the valve. However, for some patients, the operative risks were high and the condition was left largely untreated.

With the advancement and availability of less invasive transcatheter valve therapies, such as the TriClip and TricValve, selected patients who are unsuitable for open heart surgery might be able to get their condition treated. Although these are relatively new procedures for which long-term data on outcomes are still being studied, they are additional options for patients with significant symptoms who are deemed unsuitable for surgery.

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Preparing for surgery

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Post-surgery care

Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation - Other Information

​Related Health Articles:

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

Discover articles,videos, and guides afrom Singhealth's resources across the web. These information are collated, making healthy living much easier for everyone.