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Health Management Guide for Heart Failure

Heart failure happens when the heart loses its ability to pump enough blood, leaving the organs and tissues with insufficient oxygen and nutrients to function properly.
heart illustration

  • Restrict fluid intake to less than one litre per day.
    nutritious food and drinks illustrations
    This includes all beverages, fruits, soup, porridge and jelly etc.

  • Limit salt intake to less than one level teaspoon or less than 2g a day.

  • Avoid processed and canned food.

  • Do not add gravy/sauces to your food.


phoneContact your heart failure team or seek medical advice within 24 hours if you experience:

  • Sudden weight gain of more than 2kg over three days
  • Increased breathing difficulty with activity or when lying down
  • Increased swelling of abdomen, ankles, feet or legs
  • Loss of appetite with bloatedness                         

exclamation markCall ambulance (995) or proceed to nearest Emergency Department immediately if any of the following occurs:

  • Sudden or severe shortness of breath
  • Chest discomfort
  • Fainting or severe giddiness
  • Unwell


  • Follow up appointment(s) with your Cardiologist as scheduled.
  • For any change of appointment(s), please contact NHCS Appointment Hotline at 6704 2000 or email to You may also manage your appointment(s) on-line via SingHealth Health Buddy App.

Learn more of our patient education information:   

The content provided is for general information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice of your healthcare professionals.