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Heart Failure - How to prevent?

Heart failure is highly preventable, and many of its common causes can be avoided with simple lifestyle changes.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent and control risk factors (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and obesity) for coronary artery disease which is the commonest cause for heart failure. The risk of developing heart failure can also be lowered a healthy diet and regular exercise.

Other ways to prevent heart failure include:
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Target to have a BMI (Body Mass Index) between 18.3 to 22.9 kg/m2, and a waist circumference of equal or less than 80cm (for women) and 90cm (for men)
  • Eat a balanced diet which is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Reduce salt intake
  • Avoid excessive alcohol intake
  • Keep your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar levels at healthy levels. Read more on cholesterol management and high blood pressure (hypertension) management,
  • Quit smoking (if you are a smoker)
  • Go for regular medical check-ups
  • Keep chronic conditions in check
  • Manage your stress levels

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