After taking a history of your symptoms, a rectal exam is the next step. In a rectal exam, your doctor checks your prostate by putting a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to feel the back of your prostate gland. This allows him to feel the size of the prostate gland and especially assess for hard lumps which may indicate cancer.
To make sure that your prostate problem is benign and not cancer, your doctor may do a blood test called PSA or prostatic specific antigen.
Mild cases usually have no consequence to life. If the enlargement gets moderate, symptoms related to difficult urination become troublesome. In severe cases, a sudden inability to urinate may require an immediate visit to a doctor to insert a urine tube or catheter into the urethra to drain out the urine.
Even if Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) sufferers manage to pass urine, some amount of urine may be left behind, which easily gets infected, making moderate to severe BPH sufferers prone to urine infections.
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